Heart failure can occur due to many different concerns. It can start on the right or left side of the heart or at times, both sides may be affected at the same time. Ventricles get stiff and fails to function regularly that leads to heart failure. When the heart muscles are weaker, the ventricles may stretch out and stop working as it should. There are many symptoms of chronic and acute heart failure. When you notice sudden swelling in your abdomen or legs and gain weight in no time, you know these are the symptoms of acute heart failure.
Symptoms of chronic and acute heart failure
- Shortness of breath
- Fast or irregular heartbeat
- Wheezing and coughing
- Reduced ability to focus
Emergency heart failure treatment through hospitalization and surgery
Patients suffering from acute heart failure are often hospitalized as the treatment cannot be done from home or clinic. The patients should be on oxygen and also need supplemental oxygen. Surgery is another emergency treatment for heart failure. There are many types of surgeries, but the most common types have been discussed below.
Types of surgeries for emergency heart failure treatment
- Heart valve repair or replacement: When the heart failure occurs due to problem in the heart valve, doctors will have the valve replaced or repaired. The doctors can either repair the valve of the patient or get an artificial valve.
- Coronary bypass surgery: The surgeon performs an operation by removing a blood vessel from a different part from your body. The blood vessel is modified in a way to work around the artery that is clogged.
- Implantable cardioverter defibrillators or ICDs: These are mostly implanted like a pacemaker under the skin. Wires pass through the veins to track the rhythm of the heart.
- Heart pumps: The heart pumps are used to keep patients alive until they get a donor heart. These are used most often in place of a transplant. The device works well to extend lives of those that are not eligible or capable for transplant surgery.
- Cardiac resynchronization therapy: This process is also known as biventricular pacemaker. It is used to help ventricles easily pump through transmission of electrical impulses.
- Heart transplant: When the condition is quite serious or severe and no other options seem to work, the heart transplant is the last resort. The heart transplant has most often turned out to be successful in treating patients with acute heart failure. But, there is greater demand for donor hearts when compared to the supply.
Thus, these are some of the emergency treatments that work well for heart failure conditions.
In most cases, medications with a combination of two or more are required to manage heart failure.
Beta blockers is a drug for reducing blood pressure and lowering the heart rate. To strengthen the heart contractions so as to regularize the heart beat rate, digitalis is prescribed. When the fluid begins to accumulate in the body, most doctors prescribe diuretics for patients. In order to avoid blood clots, some doctors may suggest a blood thinner.